Exhibition   22. Feb. - 26. March 2005
t"TULU & Berber
"  Old Pile Rugs from Central-Anatolia and Atlas
 Mountains




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"TULU & Berber"  Old Pile Rugs from Central-Anatolia and Atlas Mountains
Men had slept on roughly stitched up animal skins ever since prehistoric times. However, they eventually succeeded in knotting woollen threads into fabric and as a result became able to produce larger and more regularly shaped sleeping rugs. The tulu from Central Anatolia illustrate the history of their origin.
The name "TULU" is derived from Turkish "tüylü", meaning "feathery", which describes the texture and look of the textile as well as its use.
Tulu often look like enormous sheep skins. Natural shades of soft white, beige and brown wool make them appear lively and vigorous. Dyed wool is not often used. Unlike in "normal" rugs, motifs are sparsely applied.
Tulu were produced for private use only and were consequently never subject to any dictate of fashion or restraint of convention. This is the reason why largely unknown ancient and archaic symbolism has survived in the tulu over the centuries. These rugs have a strong and rather intriguing effect on the "Occidental" viewer.
The rug is ideal to sleep on because of its long pile and the velvety texture of the sheep's wool. Mohair goat hair was also used, but not as often as sheep's wool; camel hair was occasionally used in combination with other wool. In everyday life, these sleeping rugs were practical in many ways: they served as carpets in the entrance to the tent, as horse blankets, as throws on sofas, as wall hangings to protect the family against cold, heat and wet. Small tulu were used as cushions, prayer rugs or sleeping rugs for children.
The exhibition presents sleeping rugs and other textiles for everyday use from two separate regions, far apart: Tulu from Central Anatolia as well as long- and short-pile rugs from the Atlas Mountains. For thousands of years the nomadic tribes of Turkey just like those in Morocco have woven the most beautiful sheep's and goats' wool into rugs for domestic use.
During the period of the Ottoman Empire (17th-19th cent.), Anatolian traditions had a forming influence on Moroccan culture, giving new impetus to the art of knotting, too. As a result, rugs in characteristic Berber colours strike us as of Anatolian origin.
Walk around and feel the warm and sunny colours!
More about TULU